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EU-Project BIOFIBROCAR finished

Category: research

EU-Project BIOFIBROCAR finished

Melt spun fibres based on compostable biopolymers for application in automotive interiors

By: Romy Naumann

In June 2015, the project BIOFIBROCAR was successfully concluded. Nine research and SME partners from three countries (Germany, Spain and the Netherlands) belonged to the project consortium which was led by the Spanish textile research institute AITEX. The project aimed at the substitution of polyester and polypropylene fibres currently used in car interior by PLA (polylactide) fibres produced from renewable raw materials. Special additives lead to defined improvements of properties like abrasion resistance, light fastness or flame retardancy which are of great importance regarding the material parameters required by the car industry. Furthermore, PLA fibres with specifically adjusted melting points allow an application of technologies generally used in the production of moulded components. The PLA fibres, produced and modified at AITEX, were processed at STFI into different types of nonwovens. The Institut für Textiltechnik Aachen (ITA) developed a woven fabric based on PLA filament yarns for decorative materials. Two nonwoven layers and the fabric were combined into a composite consisting of 100% bio-based material and tested as door panel. A prototype of the door panel was presented at TECHTEXTIL 2015 in Frankfurt/M.


 
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