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Faszination Textil
Carbon fibre plant in the Center for Textile Lightweight Engineering at STFI (Photo: © STFI I Dirk Hanus)
Carbon fibre plant in the Center for Textile Lightweight Engineering at STFI (Photo: © STFI I Dirk Hanus)
At INDEX 2021 (Photo: © INDEX)
At INDEX 2021 (Photo: © INDEX)


Sustainable nonwoven developments for Geneva

The world's leading nonwovens fair INDEXTM is taking place at Lake Geneva from 18 to 21 April 2023. A trade fair team from the Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstituts e.V. (STFI) will be on site presenting news from nonwovens research at STFI, such as a bio-based hygiene nonwoven, the recycling of high-performance fibres using the example of the VliesSMC project, an innovative tubular liner system and water-jet nonwovens made from recycled fibres will be on show.


Bio-based hygiene nonwoven: BioHyg

The starting point for the innovation was the search for a washable and thus reusable absorbent pad made from completely bio-based materials for applications in baby, feminine and incontinence hygiene. The focus was on two main requirements: fast and efficient liquid distribution and high absorbency to minimise rewetting and leakage. Both are guaranteed by special viscose fibres from Kelheim Fibres, which have been making this essential contribution in absorbent hygiene products such as tampons for many years. Here, the advantages of nonwovens in combination with special viscose fibers in terms of absorptive capacity (through, for example, more open-pored structures) have been perfectly transferred from the petrochemical- to the world of biobased fiber materials. For reusable products, however, there is another challenge to overcome: they must remain stable during washing and over several cycles of use. To ensure this, an innovative nonwoven construction was developed at the Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstituts e.V. (STFI). The developed nonwovens close the technological gap between sufficient dimensional stability and as little fiber damage as possible due to the bonding mechanisms. The developed nonwoven layers can be used as a stand-alone solution as a single-use product with bio-based materials or integrated into a washable composite structure, such as the diaper from start-up Sumo. In the Sumo cloth diaper, the absorbent pad's fluid management sets new standards. The new solution combines the worlds of hygiene and sustainability and provides proof that high-performance reusable absorbent products can be developed without fossil materials. The research collaboration between STFI, Kelheim Fibres GmbH and Sumo GmbH received the 2022 Techtextil Innovation Award in the "New Concept" category for the development of a bio-based hygiene nonwoven – a good example of how research and industry are breaking new ground in sustainability through collaboration in an open innovation approach.


Recycling of high performance fibers: VliesSMC

STFI will be showing innovations in the recycling of high-performance fibers at INDEXTM 23. On display will be a battery housing developed jointly with the research partner Fraunhofer ICT, Pfinztal. Detailed investigations into the use of recycled carbon fibers in the SMC process chain were carried out at STFI, Chemnitz. To
this end, nonwovens were first developed that enable the recycled carbon fibers to be fed into the SMC plant. The SMC semi-finished products produced could then be processed by both molding and impact extrusion. Comparison with conventional SMC products showed that comparable characteristic values could be achieved with a lower fiber volume content. Developments in the field of renewable raw materials in combination with bio-based resin systems also offer forward-looking materials.


Innovative hose liner system

The aim of the research project was to develop an improved pipe liner system for trenchless pipe rehabilitation. In particular, the force absorption in the longitudinal direction, the bendability without wrinkling were improved and the use of material as well as the pore volume of the textiles were optimized for the best possible impregnation with resin. The project included nonwoven development, coating of the liners and the use of UV-curable resins for curing. At INDEXTM 23, STFI will present a demonstrator showing a nonwoven-based pipe liner with coating, which in turn was impregnated with a UV-curable resin and cured using UV LED lamps.


From recycled fibers to water-jet nonwovens

At INDEXTM 23, STFI will be exhibiting nonwoven structures that have been bonded by the waterjet process or stitch-bonding technologies after mechanical recycling by means of a tearing machine. The nonwovens are characterised by their soft feel and unique appearance. Whether wet-strength wipes, classic knitted pile fiber nonwovens with cushioning and insulating properties or sustainable needle-punched nonwovens; by using torn fibers in combination with established nonwoven formation processes, new applications for used textiles are found at STFI and material cycles are closed.

Visit us at the INDEXTM 23 at booth 1369.

We are looking forward to exciting encounters at the trade fair!


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